06 Jan 2024

Daily practice questions for CLAT - (06 Jan 2024)

Sportsmanship can be conceptualized as an enduring and relatively stable characteristic or disposition such that individuals differ in the way they are generally expected to behave in sports situations. In general, sportsmanship refers to virtues such as fairness, self-control, courage, and persistence, and has been associated with interpersonal concepts of treating others and being treated fairly, maintaining self-control if dealing with others, and respect for both authority and opponents. Sportsmanship is also looked at as being the way one reacts to a sport/game/player. The four elements of sportsmanship are often shown being good form, the will to win, equity and fairness. All four elements are critical and a balance must be found among all four for true sportsmanship to be illustrated. These elements may also cause conflict, as a person may desire to win more than play in equity and fairness and thus resulting in a clash within the aspects of sportsmanship. This will cause problems as the person believes they are being a good sportsman, but they are defeating the purpose of this idea as they are ignoring two key components of being sportsmanlike. When athletes become too self-centred, the idea of sportsmanship is dismissed. Today's sporting culture, in particular the base of elite sport, places great importance on the idea of competition and winning and thus sportsmanship takes a back seat as a result. In most, if not all sports, sportsmen at the elite level make the standards on sportsmanship and no matter whether they like it or not, they are seen as leaders and role models in society. Since every sport is rule-driven, the most common offence of bad sportsmanship is the act of cheating or breaking the rules to gain an unfair advantage. A competitor who exhibits poor sportsmanship after losing a game or contest is often called a "sore loser", while a competitor who exhibits poor sportsmanship after winning is typically called a "bad winner". Sore loser behaviour includes blaming others for the loss, not accepting responsibility for personal actions that contributed to the defeat, reacting to the loss in an immature or improper fashion, making excuses for the defeat, and citing unfavourable conditions or other petty issues as reasons for the defeat. A bad winner acts in a shallow fashion after his or her victory, such as by gloating about his or her win, rubbing the win in the face(s) of the opponent(s), and lowering the opponent(s)'s self-esteem by constantly reminding the opponent(s) of "poor" performance in comparison (even if the opponent(s) competed well). Not showing respect to the other team is considered to being a bad sportsman and could lead to demoralizing effects; as Leslie Howe describes: "If a pitcher in baseball decides to pitch not to his maximum ability suggest that the batter is not at an adequate level, [it] could lead to the batter to have low self-confidence or worth.

Question1:- Is it necessary to strike a balance between all the four elements of sportsmanship?
  • A. No
  • B. Yes
  • C. Any 2 can be balanced
  • D. Only 1 is sufficient
Answer is B is correct. Yes, all elements need to be balanced, as pointed out in paragraph 2. Hence, B is the correct option.
Question2:- Why has sportsmanship taken a backseat today?
  • A. Due to lack of balance between the elements
  • B. Due to the emphasis on winning
  • C. Due to drug abuse
  • D. None of the above
Answer is B is correct. As per paragraph 3, the stress laid on winning has made sportsmanship take a backseat. Option B is correct.
Question3:- If one does not accept responsibility for one’s defeat, one is called a:
  • A. Sore loser
  • B. Bad winner
  • C. Good sportsman
  • D. Prudent sportsman
Answer is A is correct. Not accepting responsibility characterizes a sore loser. Hence, option A is the correct.
Question4:- From the last paragraph, give the opposite of the word ‘deep’:
  • A. Competitor
  • B. Pitch
  • C. Immature
  • D. Shallow
Answer is D is correct. Option D is the correct answer as the opposite/antonym of deep is shallow.
Question5:- When does the spirit of sportsmanship die?
  • A. When the sportsman becomes too self-centered
  • B. When the player loses the will to play
  • C. When the sportsman behaves badly
  • D. None of the above
Answer is A is correct. According to the second paragraph, this is the correct option