18 Jan 2024

Daily practice questions for CLAT - (18 Jan 2024)

India ranked [1] in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index, up one spot from the previous one, and also remained among the highest performers, according to the report released in Dubai during the global climate talks COP28. Monitoring Climate Mitigation Efforts of 63 Countries plus the EU covering more than 90 per cent of the Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions, India has received a high ranking in the greenhouse gas Emissions and Energy Use categories, but a medium in Climate Policy and Renewable Energy, as in the previous year. While India is the world’s most populous country, it has relatively low per capita emissions, the index said. “Our data shows that in the per capita GHG category, the country is on track to meet a benchmark of well below 2 degrees Celsius. While it shows a slightly positive trend in the share of renewable energy, this trend is advancing too slowly,” the report based on the index said. The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) country experts reported that India is trying to meet its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), with clear long-term policies in place that focus on promoting renewable energy and providing financial support for domestic manufacturing of renewable energy components. Despite that, India’s growing energy needs are still being met by its heavy reliance on coal, along with oil and gas, the report pointed out. “This dependence is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions and causes severe air pollution, especially in the cities,” India has relatively high taxes on petrol and diesel, which are intended to act as carbon taxes. The impact of these taxes on consumption remains disputed. “While some experts describe them as an effective tool to reduce the consumption of petrol and diesel, others point to the high dependence of the government on these tax revenues,” the report said. "At the last COP, India, together with China, changed the wording of the cover decision to ‘phase down’ rather than ‘phase out’ fossil fuels. This was a setback for the global commitment to end the fossil fuel era. Some of our experts also report that large-scale renewable energy projects have negatively affected the livelihoods of local communities through land grabs and unequal distribution. Our experts report that policies are largely mitigative, yet they should also focus on transformative adaptation and disaster risk management,” the report said. The report also pointed out that policymakers should also adopt ecosystem-based solutions and considers equity. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement at COP26 that India will achieve net-zero emissions by [2] shows a lack of ambition and political will, according to our experts, the report said. The experts therefore called for more effective policy implementation that takes a more bottom-up approach, including the demands of tribal and rural communities. “Specifically, they call for a faster phase-out of coal, reduced reliance on gas, and expanded renewable energy. The experts want to see the country fulfill its potential in climate action by moving up the timeline for reaching Net Zero to no later than 2050. They want to see the creation of people-friendly, climate-friendly, sustainable infrastructure that is affordable, accessible, and available to all while taking the location’s cultural and social context into account,” it said. Srinivas Krishnaswamy, CEO, of Vasudha Foundation said it is indeed heartening to see India ranked high in the Climate Change Performance Index 2024.

Question1:- Which rank has been bagged by India in the Climate change Performance Index 2024, redacted as [1] in the above passage?
  • A. 5th
  • B. 6th
  • C. 7th
  • D. 8th
Answer is C is correct. India's Ranking in CCPI 2024: India secured the 7th position in the Climate Change Performance Index 2024, exhibiting a stride forward from 8th spot in CCPI 2023. Hence, C is the correct option.
Question2:- Which country has bagged 1st rank in the Climate change Performance Index, 2024?
  • A. Ireland
  • B. Denmark
  • C. USA
  • D. Russia
Answer is B is correct. In the CCPI 2024, Denmark reaches the best ranking. Again, no country performs well enough in all categories to achieve an overall “very high” rating in the index. Therefore, the first three ranks in the overall ranking remain empty. Hence, B is the correct option
Question3:- What rank has been bagged by India in Henley Passport Index 2024?
  • A. 75th
  • B. 80th
  • C. 84th
  • D. 90th
Answer is B is correct. India, meanwhile, has improved its ranking and moved up to the 80th position from the previous year's ranking of 84. Those holding an Indian passport have visa-free access to 62 destinations. Hence, B is the correct option.
Question4:- Which country ranks first in AI skill penetration and talent concentration, as per the recent NASSCOM report?
  • A. USA
  • B. India
  • C. China
  • D. Russia
Answer is B is correct. According to a recently published NASSCOM report, India ranks first in AI skill penetration and talent concentration and fifth in AI scientific publications. The report states that tech talent in India is three times more likely to have AI skills than in other countries. India’s AI skills Penetration Factor leads all countries across education, finance, hardware and networking, manufacturing, software and IT services. Hence, B is the correct option.
Question5:- As per Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement at COP26, India will achieve net-zero emissions by which year, redacted as [2] in the above passage?
  • A. 2040
  • B. 2050
  • C. 2060
  • D. 2070
Answer is A is correct. The Hicklin test assessed obscenity by the standards of someone open to being corrupt through immoral influences. But, a wide array of material could be labelled as obscene through this test and had to be narrowed in its scope. Hence, A is the correct option.